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RILM Classification System:

Super Classes
Reference and Research Materials

Imaginative Literature
Collected Writings
Universal Perspectives
Western Art Music
Traditional Music and Non-Western Art Music
Jazz and Blues
Popular Music
Sound Sources
Performance Practice and Notation
Theory, Analysis, and Composition
Pedagogy
Music and Other Arts
Music and Related Disciplines
Music in Liturgy and Ritual


Reference and Research Materials
1  Bibliography and librarianship
2  Libraries, museums, collections
3  Encyclopedias and dictionaries
4  Catalogues (library, museum, or exhibition)
5  Catalogues, thematic
6  Bibliographies, general
7  Bibliographies, music
8  Bibliographies, music literature
9  Discographies and filmographies
10 Iconographies
11 Chronologies and almanacs
12 Directories and membership lists
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13 Imaginative literature (includes film)
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Collected Writings
14 Periodicals and yearbooks
15 Festschriften
    15  Festschriften (general items)
    15.1  Individuals
    15.2  Choral societies
    15.3  Instrumental ensembles
    15.4  Music associations, composers' societies, Musikvereine
    15.5  Academic institutions, libraries
    15.6  Festivals, exhibitions, congresses
    15.7  Theaters and opera ensembles
    15.8  Publishers and printers, music stores, record labels, journals, newspapers
    15.9  Instrument manufacturers
    15.10  Non-music secular and religious institutions; countries, cities, monasteries

16 Congress reports, symposium proceedings
17 Essays and documents
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19 Universal Perspectives
General (historical/ethnographical)
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Western Art Music
20 The discipline
21 History, general
22 Antiquity
23 Middle Ages
24 Renaissance
25 Baroque
26 Classic
27 Romantic and post-Romantic
28 Twentieth and 21st century (history)
29 Twentieth and 21st century (musical life)
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Traditional Music and Non-Western Art Music
30 Ethnomusicology, the discipline
31 General
32 Africa
33 Asia. General
    33.1  Asia. Traditional music
    33.2  Asia. History of music
34 Europe
35 North America (North of Mexico)
36 South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean
37 Oceania, Australia, New Zealand
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38 Jazz and Blues


39 Popular Music
    39.0  General
    39.2  Africa (general)
    39.21    North Africa
    39.22    Sub-Saharan Africa
    39.3  Asia
    39.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    39.32    South Asia
    39.33    Southeast Asia
    39.4  Europe
    39.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    39.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    39.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
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Sound Sources
40 General (including conducting, organology)
    40.0  Sound sources (general)
    40.1  Organology as discipline
    40.2  Conducting
    40.3  Orchestra
41 Voice (including choral ensembles)
    41.0  General
    41.2  Africa (general)
    41.21    North Africa
    41.22    Sub-Saharan Africa
    41.3  Asia
    41.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    41.32    South Asia
    41.33    Southeast Asia
    41.4  Europe
    41.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    41.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    41.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
42 Keyboard, organ
43 Keyboard, general
44 String (chordophones)
    44.0  General
    44.2  Africa (general)
    44.21    North Africa
    44.22    Sub-Saharan Africa
    44.3  Asia
    44.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    44.32    South Asia
    44.33    Southeast Asia
    44.4  Europe
    44.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    44.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    44.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
45 Wind (aerophones)
    45.0  General
    45.2  Africa (general)
    45.21    North Africa
    45.22    Sub-Saharan Africa
    45.3  Asia
    45.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    45.32    South Asia
    45.33    Southeast Asia
    45.4  Europe
    45.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    45.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    45.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
46 Percussion (membranophones, idiophones)
    46.0  General
    46.2  Africa (general)
    46.21    North Africa
    46.22    Sub-Saharan Africa
    46.3  Asia
    46.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    46.32    South Asia
    46.33    Southeast Asia
    46.4  Europe
    46.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    46.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    46.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
47 Mechanical
48 Electrophones (synthesized sound)
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Performance Practice, Notation, and Editing
50 Performance practice, general
51 Performance practice, to ca. 1600
52 Performance practice, ca. 1600-1825
53 Performance practice, ca. 1800-1900
54 Performance practice, 20th & 21st centuries
55 Notation and paleography
56 Improvisation
58 Editing
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Theory, Analysis, and Composition
60 Theory, general
61 Rhythm, meter, tempo
62 Tuning, temperament, scale structures
63 Harmony, counterpoint, voice-leading (tonal and nontonal)
64 Form and genre
65 Sound color, texture, register
66 Style analysis
67 Structural analysis
68 Computer and electronic composition
69 Melody and motive
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Pedagogy
70 General
71 Preschool, primary, and secondary schools
72 Colleges and universities
73 Conservatories and other professional training
74 Music education for amateurs
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Music and the Other Arts
75 General
76 Dance
    76.0  General
    76.1  Dance studies as discipline
    76.21  Ballet
    76.29  All post-ballet developments (parallel to classes 28 & 29)
    76.30  Social dance, general
    76.32    Social dance, Africa
    76.33    Social dance, Asia
    76.34    Social dance, Europe
    76.35    Social dance, North America (north of Mexico)
    76.36    Social dance, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    76.37    Social dance, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
    76.38  Jazz and musical theater
    76.39  Popular stage dance & music video
    76.40  Traditional theatrical dance, general
    76.42    Traditional theatrical dance, Africa
    76.43    Traditional theatrical dance, Asia
    76.44    Traditional theatrical dance, Europe
    76.45    Traditional theatrical dance, North America (north of Mexico)
    76.46    Traditional theatrical dance, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    76.47    Traditional theatrical dance, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
77 Dramatic arts
    77.0  General
    77.1  Theater studies as discipline
    77.11  Opera
    77.12  Popular musical theater
    77.13  Libretto
    77.14  Film and television
    77.15  Music video
    77.16  Multimedia theater
    77.17  Incidental music
    77.18  Set designing, staging, directing
    77.30  Traditional dramatic arts, general
    77.32    Traditional dramatic arts, Africa
    77.33    Traditional dramatic arts, Asia
    77.34    Traditional dramatic arts, Europe
    77.35    Traditional dramatic arts, North America (north of Mexico)
    77.36    Traditional dramatic arts, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South American
    77.37    Traditional dramatic arts, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
78 Literature
    78.0  General
    78.1  Literature studies as discipline
    78.2  Song texts
    78.31  Traditional literature & epics, general
    78.32    Traditional literature & epics, Africa
    78.33    Traditional literature & epics, Asia
    78.34    Traditional literature & epics, Europe
    78.35    Traditional literature & epics, North America (north of Mexico)
    78.36    Traditional literature & epics, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    78.37    Traditional literature & epics, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
79 Visual arts (including iconography)
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Music and related disciplines
80 General
81 Philosophy, aesthetics, criticism
82 Psychology and hearing
83 Physiology, therapy, medicine
84 Archaeology
85 Engineering and sound recording; computers
86 Physics, mathematics, acoustics, architecture
87 Sociology
88 Linguistics and semiotics
89 Printing, publishing, music business
    89.0  General
    89.1  Printing
    89.2  Music industry
    89.3  Law
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Music in Liturgy and Ritual
90 Religion, general
    90.0  General
    90.1  Liturgical studies as discipline
    90.2  Christianity, general
91 Jewish
92 Byzantine and Eastern Orthodox
93 Roman Catholic
94 Protestant
    94.0  General
    94.1  Lutheran group
    94.2  Calvinist group
    94.3  Anabaptist group
    94.4  Anglican/Episcopal group
    94.5  Baptist group
    94.6  Methodist group
    94.7  Pentecostal group
    94.8  Adventist group
95 Buddhist
96 Hindu
97 Islamic
99 Other
    99.1  General
    99.2  Africa
    99.3  Asia (includes Central Asia)
    99.31    East Asia (includes Mongolia and Sibir')
    99.32    South Asia
    99.33    Southeast Asia
    99.5  North America (north of Mexico)
    99.6  Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America
    99.7  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania
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